Explain the meaning and characteristics of an organisation and describe the approaches to understand an organisation

An organization is a structured entity with a collective goal, composed of individuals working together to achieve common objectives.

Characteristics include hierarchy, defined roles, communication channels, and shared purpose.

Approaches to understanding organizations vary:

  1. Classical Approach:
  • Focus on organizational structure and efficiency.
  • Emphasizes hierarchy, division of labor, and formal processes.
  1. Human Relations Approach:
  • Considers the impact of social and psychological factors on productivity.
  • Emphasizes employee satisfaction, motivation, and group dynamics.
  1. Systems Approach:
  • Views an organization as an interconnected set of elements.
  • Analyzes inputs, processes, outputs, and feedback loops.
  1. Contingency Approach:
  • Recognizes that organizational effectiveness depends on various factors.
  • No one-size-fits-all solution; management practices should be contingent on specific circumstances.
  1. Sociotechnical Systems Approach:
  • Considers the interaction between social and technical aspects.
  • Aims for an optimal blend of human and technological elements for efficiency.
  1. Cultural Approach:
  • Focuses on organizational culture and its impact on behavior.
  • Emphasizes shared values, beliefs, and norms.

Understanding organizations involves combining elements from these approaches, considering the unique context, and adapting management strategies accordingly.

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