Describe the various stages of policy cycle

The policy cycle typically consists of several stages:

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**Agenda Setting**: This is where issues are identified and brought to the attention of policymakers. It could be done by the government, interest groups, or individuals.

**Policy Formulation**: In this stage, potential solutions are developed. Experts, policymakers, and stakeholders work on crafting policies or alternatives to address the issue.

**Policy Adoption**: Once policies are formulated, they need to be adopted or approved by the relevant decision-making bodies, such as legislatures or executive branches.

**Policy Implementation**: This stage involves putting the adopted policy into action. Government agencies or relevant institutions execute the policy, often requiring administrative regulations and resource allocation.

**Policy Evaluation**: Policymakers and experts assess the impact and effectiveness of the policy. This step can lead to revisions, amendments, or continuation of the policy.

**Policy Termination or Renewal**: Depending on the evaluation, policies may be terminated, renewed, or modified. This decision-making process often feeds back into the agenda-setting phase, restarting the cycle.

**Feedback and Monitoring**: Throughout the cycle, there is continuous feedback and monitoring to ensure the policy’s objectives are met, and adjustments can be made as needed.

**External Influences**: External factors, such as changes in public opinion, economic conditions, or global events, can also influence the policy cycle.

It’s important to note that the policy cycle is not always linear and can involve feedback loops, and various stages may overlap or occur out of order in complex policy-making processes.

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