Explain the characteristics of Western Ghats for inclusion as Biodiversity hotspots

The Western Ghats, a UNESCO World Heritage site, possess several characteristics that make them biodiversity hotspots.

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These include high species diversity, endemism, and unique ecosystems. The region is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, with many species found nowhere else.

The complex topography and climatic diversity have resulted in diverse ecosystems, ranging from tropical rainforests to montane grasslands, which support a wide range of species.

The Western Ghats’ biodiversity is vital for ecosystem services, scientific research, and cultural significance. However, habitat loss due to deforestation and urbanization threatens this unique biodiversity, necessitating conservation efforts.

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