Explain the factors that influence organisational environment citing relevant examples

The organizational environment is influenced by various factors that shape its dynamics, performance, and adaptability.

These factors can be broadly categorized into internal and external elements. Here are key factors that influence the organizational environment, along with relevant examples:

Internal Factors:

  1. Organizational Culture:
  • Example: Google is known for its innovative and collaborative culture, which encourages employees to explore new ideas and contribute to the company’s success.
  1. Leadership Style:
  • Example: The leadership style of a CEO can impact the organizational environment. Steve Jobs at Apple was known for his visionary and demanding leadership style, shaping Apple’s culture of excellence and innovation.
  1. Structure and Design:
  • Example: A flat organizational structure, like that of Zappos, fosters open communication and quick decision-making, influencing the overall organizational environment.
  1. Human Resources:
  • Example: The skill level, motivation, and satisfaction of employees contribute to the internal environment. For instance, companies like SAS invest heavily in employee well-being and development.
  1. Internal Policies and Procedures:
  • Example: Organizations with well-defined policies and procedures, such as IBM, create a stable internal environment that supports consistent operations.

External Factors:

  1. Economic Conditions:
  • Example: During an economic recession, organizations may face challenges due to reduced consumer spending, as witnessed in various industries during the 2008 financial crisis.
  1. Market Competition:
  • Example: Coca-Cola and Pepsi operate in a highly competitive market. The rivalry between these companies influences their strategies, product development, and marketing approaches.
  1. Technological Changes:
  • Example: The advent of the internet has transformed industries like retail. Companies like Amazon have embraced technology to disrupt traditional business models.
  1. Political and Legal Factors:
  • Example: Changes in government regulations, like environmental policies or tax laws, can impact industries. For instance, pharmaceutical companies are affected by government regulations on drug approvals.
  1. Sociocultural Influences:
  • Example: Societal values and trends influence organizational decisions. Companies like Patagonia align their business practices with environmental sustainability, reflecting broader societal concerns.
  1. Demographic Trends:
  • Example: Aging populations in developed countries impact industries such as healthcare and retirement services, creating new opportunities and challenges.
  1. Globalization:
  • Example: Multinational companies like Toyota operate in diverse global markets, necessitating adaptation to different cultural, legal, and economic environments.
  1. Natural Environment:
  • Example: Companies are increasingly considering environmental sustainability. Tesla, with its focus on electric vehicles, is an example of an organization responding to ecological concerns.
  1. Supplier and Customer Relationships:
  • Example: Changes in supplier relationships, such as disruptions in the supply chain, can impact organizations. Similarly, understanding customer preferences is crucial for organizations like Netflix to adapt their content offerings.

Understanding and navigating these factors allow organizations to adapt to changes, capitalize on opportunities, and effectively manage challenges within their environment.

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